2019-2020新型冠狀病毒:一位香港人的10件防疫措施

現時,新型冠狀病毒爆發,每個人也要懂得防疫措施來保護自己。作為一個香港人,本人想分享10個自己正在做的防疫措施。

新型冠狀病毒, 防疫措施
新型冠狀病毒基本資料

1. 減少外出

人與人之間的接觸是最有機會接觸病毒的途徑,所以如非必要,我盡量也不會外出和聚會。

2. 防止病毒由管道傳播

2003年的沙士已經證明冠狀病毒能透過水渠傳播,所以我們應該定期在排水口倒入清水,以確保U型隔氣管能隔氣。

3. 多使用梘液或肥皂洗手

相信不用多解釋,外國小學老師麥特卡爾夫(Jaralee Annice Metcalf)也以麵包做過一個“肥皂vs酒精vs沒有洗手”的相關實驗證明。

新型冠狀病毒, 防疫措施
放在密封袋內經過3至4周未的經雙手接觸過的麵包 (圖片來源︰Jaralee Annice Metcalf FB)
新型冠狀病毒, 防疫措施
放在密封袋內經過3至4周未的沒有洗手摸過的麵包(圖片來源︰Jaralee Annice Metcalf FB)
新型冠狀病毒, 防疫措施
放在密封袋內經過3至4周未的用肥皂洗手後摸過的麵包(圖片來源︰Jaralee Annice Metcalf FB)
新型冠狀病毒, 防疫措施
放在密封袋內經過3至4周未的使用酒精搓手液後摸過的麵包 (圖片來源︰Jaralee Annice Metcalf FB)

4. 使用酒精

在沒有水源或梘液的情況下,我們應使用酒精搓手。

酒精消毒的原理,是要使細胞脫水來達到消毒目的,而最佳的濃度在70%~80%之間,如果大於80%的話只會使細胞外層快速的暫時脫水,細菌並沒有被殺死掉,只是暫時失去活性而已囉!細菌會待到適當時將包膜衝破重新復活!

60-80%的酒精濃度最適合用於消毒,消毒殺菌的原理異樣酒精滲入細菌體內,完全凝固細菌體的蛋白質,達到消毒殺菌效果。如果濃度高於80%的話,只會使細菌細胞外層快速的暫時脫水,暫時失去活性,待到適當時將包膜衝破重新復活!所以如果買了酒精濃度太高的藥水,就可能要用水溝稀了。

如果消毒藥水被人搶購光,大家可以嘗試用雙飛人藥水,它的酒精濃度是80%,它最大的好處是可以口服,所以我會它用來抹餐廳的餐具才進食。

新型冠狀病毒, 防疫措施
雙飛人藥水

5. 戴口罩

學識分辨口罩真假:

外科口罩主要是三層(外、中、內),每層都有自己特殊的作用。第一層外層主要能隔水,用來防止外來的飛沫、液體噴濺;第二層中層主要是過濾空氣,阻擋病毒;第三層內層主要是保濕,主要讓佩帶更舒適。

因此,口罩的第一層和第二層是最重要的。

要測試第一層的外層很簡單,只需要測試隔水效果。

據《星洲日報》引一名藥劑師稱,口罩的第二層能用火燒來測試其真假。

經靜電處理過的第二隔層,在遇火時只熔不燒
但若是“黑心口罩”的第二層,一燒就起火。

我每次買新口罩都是靠這個方法分辨。另外,如果我買的口罩只有兩層,但兩層是分別能隔水和經過靜電處理,我都認為是可以接受的。擔心的人可以在底層放一塊布口罩來吸水。

另外,病毒能透過眼睛進入身體。所以除了配戴口罩外,有眼鏡和平光鏡的人,可以配戴來防止一定程度的飛沫。

分辨口罩的真假外,正確佩戴口罩也是很重要的。

正確戴口罩:

  • 選擇正確面(能隔水的一面是正面)朝外戴上耳掛帶
  • 緊貼臉部,拉伸面罩至完全覆蓋口鼻和下巴
  • 調整鼻樑片並壓合讓面罩與鼻樑,臉頰緊密貼合

現在外出時,發現很多人不懂配戴口罩,

我以下列出2個自己最常見到的錯誤示例:

新型冠狀病毒, 防疫措施
口罩風琴位沒有拉開
新型冠狀病毒, 防疫措施
戴口罩鼻子外露

6. 用原子筆按升降機按鈕

很多人也不想按升降機的按鈕,但又認為每次用紙巾又太浪費。所以一個很好的方法就是拆除原子筆裏的筆芯,只用原子筆的“殼”來按升降機按鈕。又環保,又方便。

新型冠狀病毒, 防疫措施
最好用有蓋的原子筆

7. 用紙或紙巾保存口罩

有些時候,例如食飯時,我們需要短暫除低口罩。我們這時候可以用紙或紙巾包住口罩來暫時保存口罩,但切記不可重用。

新型冠狀病毒, 防疫措施

8. 日日清潔手機

新型冠狀病毒, 防疫措施

手機作為生活上最常用和最親密的物件,我們更應該時常清潔。

9. 增強免疫力

新型冠狀病毒, 防疫措施

當我們免疫系統好的時候,我們患病的康復機會會大增,患病的機會亦相對更少。在新型冠狀病毒爆發之前,我每天也會進食一些健康產品來補充營養,增強免疫能力。我認為這個時期是更加需要的。

10. 每日留意疫情

最後,我亦會每日留意“2019冠狀病毒病專題網站”的“疫情概覽”來了解最新的疫情

新型冠狀病毒, 防疫措施
2019冠狀病毒病專題網站”的“疫情概覽”頁面

最後,希望大家身體健康 !

如果你認為這篇文章有幫助,就幫這篇文章分享、留言和點個Like支持一下吧!


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